Dr.Komal Jamil[i]

DOI: 10.36283/pjr.zu.11.2/008


Background and Aim: To identify physical therapist participation in goal settings for patient management. Goal setting is an effective method for serving a mentee to develop a strong foundation for future planning.

Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at different physical therapy departments, clinics, and hospitals of Karachi. A total of 100 physical therapists were given a validated questionnaire to complete. The questionnaire contains 21 questions related to patient preparation, concerns, and the goal setting process. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 21. Confidentiality of the participants was maintained. Data was coded and subjects were given the rights to willingly participate.

Results: Most of the physical therapists indicated that they had been participation in goal settings for patient management. 60% of the physical therapists take part in goal settings for patient management, and the rest of the physical therapists were neutral. It will help the physical therapist for making the goals for the patient recovery.

Conclusion: The conclusion of the study is that goal setting is a very satisfactory activity for the patient management. By setting their goals physical therapists recognize their own capability and competence in accomplishing the pretensions that they have set. Goal setting is a major component for the physical therapists for planning the management of the patient and making the goals to attain it because there’s a fantastic courting among the aim placing and mission performance. Objective placing consists of the development of a hobby plan deliberate to encourage and direct an person or amassing in the direction of an objectives. This study helps you to organize your time by setting their goals and you fete your own ability and proficiency in attain the goals that you have set. Goal setting helps the physical therapist to know about the history, chances of recovery of the patient and the progress about the patient.

Keywords:  Physical therapist, goals, goal setting, patient management, complexity, ambitious personal.


Aim-setting is supposed to serve as a motivator to keep working toward a common goal. When a person commits to a goal and believes they can attain it, they are more likely to succeed. It should be clarified. We focused on the association between”goal-setting”and”exercise”in this study. Goal-setting programs can be a deliberate and effective strategy to encourage people to engage in physical activity. According to goal-setting theory, effective objectives must follow five principles. Clarity, challenge, complexity, dedication, and feedback are all required in goals. Clarity refers to goals that are clear and detailed, with a deadline for accomplishment, so that people understand what behaviors are required to achieve a goal. A goal that gives an individual with sufficient difficulty is referred to as a challenge. The term “complexity” refers to the fact that a person’s ambitions should not be so complicated that they overwhelm them. Individuals should be given enough time to achieve their goals, which should be realistic and attainable. Goal-setting programs for individuals, groups, and organizations can improve performance and behavior. Individual goal-setting is when a person establishes ambitious personal objectives that inspire them to devote their time and energy to accomplishing them. A team or small group establishes a common objective to achieve. Group goals, including as planning, morale-building, communication, and collective efficacy, inspire people in diverse ways. Goal-setting at the organizational level fosters collaboration and improve performance by establishing a shared vision. In a variety of settings, including workplaces and schools, goal-setting programs with pedometers have been shown to be effective in encouraging physical activity. The Girls Stepping Out Program, for example, had participants increase their step counts from baseline. Participants in another program were encouraged to increase their step count and improve their baseline step count. While pedometers appear to be an important tool for encouraging physical activity, little is known regarding their impact on children’s behavior. Children’s physical activity levels may be improved by goal-setting programs that use pedometers. Given the success of pedometer-assisted goal-setting programs. Goal-setting and study planning are intellectually stimulating activities that are geared at achieving certain objectives. This is due to the fact that a goal is a mental image of a desired futuristic valued outcome. This desired objective becomes a primary motivator for physical and mental actions aimed at achieving it. Goal-setting is regarded as an essential component of healing. It’s been defined as the setting or negotiating of rehabilitation goals, and it refers to the patient’s projected future condition, which will almost always require a change from their existing status. We led study to investigate assuming that we could increment actual work among our personnel at our medical institution by using a wearable activity tracker and consolidating brief feedback with personalized exertion pretensions. In this study, the activity diary was utilized to increase occupational therapy effectiveness, reduce pain, and avoid physical performance decline. We believe that adopting an activity diary as a complement for patients who have had total knee arthroplasty is both beneficial and practicable. The instruction influenced their attitudes toward goal-setting in the educational context. The difference in goal quality pre- and post-training was statistically significant. Barriers and enablers to effective goal setting in practice were found by therapists. This strategy appears to be beneficial in enhancing meaningful, context-specific, and measurable goal writing in school settings. Perceived autonomy information in bodily training classes, self-sustaining motivation in bodily education, enjoyment at some stage in substantial training ,imperativeness, perspectives, saw social control, and aim toward out-of-school bodily exercise had been measured at the go-off and end. Collaboration between clinicians and clients during the development of treatment goals can help clients become more motivated and achieve better functional outcomes. From a clinical resource aspect, the suggested approach is viable, and it advocates a precise way to deal with putting the client at the focal point of clinical choice making in order to improve therapeutic benefits. Individualities with TBI who face critical cognitive and informative challenges however keep up with undeniable degrees of mindfulness post-injury may benefit from such client-centered approaches. Despite the fact that current person-centered goal-setting encourages people to participate actively, many of these interventions lack components that are critical for goal attainment and optimal results. These techniques, when combined, may help persons with health issues achieve meaningful rehabilitation goals and enhance rehabilitation outcomes. Collaborative goal planning is an important aspect of dementia recovery and should not be disregarded because of preconceived notions that the person cannot participate. According to the findings, occupational therapists can employ a variety of tactics to increase participation and engagement, as well as play a critical role in staff up skilling to enable successful goal setting for people with mild cognitive impairment or dementia. Antecedent interventions include things like goal setting, task clarification, and job assistance. Each of these elements is addressed in terms of study findings and possible behavioral functions. Knowing about these outcomes can aid researchers and practitioners in developing efficient and cost-effective approaches for boosting workplace performance. Our discoveries suggest that content makers ought to make proximal feedback target to encourage the sharing of early forms of inventive work and admit feedback from someone with more perceived power in order to inspire the most correction and enhancement for those drafts. Both sorts of goals are setting ward, and it is currently well acknowledged that rendition grail can be counterproductive to achieving crave effect in some situations. As a result, present, practice might be hypothetically really great for actually dynamic people, however for inert people who are new to active work a different strategy (e.g., learning goals) may be preferred (i.e., almost of the citizen). Finally, we examine the consequences of thing -setting active work advancement for strategy, examination, and execute. Person-centered goal-setting in physiotherapy was interpreted in this study as a process of interaction toward a shared understanding of what is relevant to the patient. Future research could look into ways to combine diverse assessments and therapy modalities with mindful listening, embodied interaction, and ongoing ethical reflection. Key themes developed when it comes to the utilization of the international classification of function in pediatric rehabilitation link goal content with domains, leverage existing goal-setting tools; and provide feedback on the creation of new goal-setting tools. Healthcare providers commonly employ a range of goal-setting methods. The intention of this Clinical Practice Guideline was once to analyze necessary statistics for bodily therapist administration and supply evidence-based tips for bodily remedy diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, and result evaluation in adults with hip fractures. The learn about underlines the want of maintaining the goal-setting manner client-centered. Collaboration between the workforce and household individuals is necessary to this process. Effective aim putting is aided with the aid of enough assets and a low therapist-to-patient ratio. The aphasia complement for the goal-setting bundle used to be satisfactory in beautiful the needs of victims with aphasia following a stroke and fostered person-centered goal-setting in endless areas of recovery. The mixture of a unique purpose and comments had sturdy outcomes on each project overall performance and venture engagement. Additionally, remarks multiplied undertaking commitment (higher inspiration and less errand irrelevant contemplations) whether or not or not or now not it used to be partner with a unique goal. The find out about consequences exhibit that sure manipulate factors, for example, inborn inspiration, assume indispensable parts in foreseeing public representatives’ apparent value of in general execution examinations. Confederate personnel who have a greater stage of innate enterprise exhibit a greater fine understanding towards overall execution examination reasonableness. The great utilization of outward rewards and inborn inspiration, blended with nice purpose placing techniques in open associations, may likewise improve public workers’ apparent value of in general execution evaluation frameworks. Twenty-five humans recognized three principal motives they desired to take part in weight management, consisting of ordinary fitness and wellness, appearance, and purposeful mobility. Their self-identified weight administration desires covered reaching/maintaining a particular physique weight and/or trimming a centered physique part; enticing in any or greater bodily activity/exercise; gaining energy and endurance; taking part in lifestyles and activities; and assuaging weight-related fitness signs (e.g., pain). Individuals recognized development assessments, recognition, ordinary check-ins, and encouragement as useful remarks towards weight administration achievement. In this find out about have been all wholesome first-year university students, which may also have a slim age vary and for that reason restriction the generalizability of the findings. Thus, greater various participant groups, such as early youngsters and older adults, need to be covered in associated lookup in the future. Finally, future researchers have to use the impartial replication in a giant pattern to exhibit the robustness of their results. Most of the advisors saw that directed point setting the utilization of a depiction of the ‘completely working’ character used to be useful. In phrases of the pertinence of purpose placing to an integrative technique dependent absolutely upon non-mandate, individual focused standards, the consequences had been blended and in some instances opposite to these anticipated. For instance, a portion of the additional order advisors loathed directed purpose putting processes, at the same time as the greater non-directive therapists liked the approach. This pilot locate out about delineates the practicable of a capacity engaged, patient-confronting framework to present self-administration objective setting techniques into occupied logical work process, cultivate the supplier patient relationship, and support arrangement with rules . The particular penalties can notify tailoring of gear for usability in exercising and to handle exigency of victims and agencies up till. The current paper objectives at analyzing the aim placing objectives of the younger novices toward the getting to know process. It additionally affords the contributions of the learner that were instrumental in accomplishing their well-defined private and career goals. The find out about is primarily based on Edward Locke’s Goal Setting Theory which postulates that human beings work higher and tougher and are motivated when they are inclined to obtain a precise target. The objective setting tip sheet used to be seen to be exact, attainable, and sufficient. Forthcoming probe is wanted to decide they have an impact on caregiver health. As parental figures control to their new and developing situation over the extended road to stroke recuperation, they stumble upon numerous neglected necessities, with their own wellness being a lessening priority Although many stroke household custodian and dyad interpositions comprise ability constructing in the structure of psych education, hassle solving, and stress administration applications that tackle purpose putting are probably to make a high quality influence on stroke guardian health. The two research introduced in this article furnished a inclement technique from which to tackle intention placing to enhance movement household governess healthiness. Afterward lookup is wished the usage of well-steered randomized managed scientific preliminaries to check viability and adequacy of objective setting methods to improve stroke family guardian wellbeing.


Study Design

Descriptive cross sectional study


Data was collected from Aga Khan Hospital, Liaquat National Hospital, Patel Hospital, Hillpark Hospital, Civil Hospital, Indus Hospital, Darul Sehat Hospiatl, Ashfaq Memorial Hospital, Rabia moon, Dow, Chinniot Hospital, Islamuddin Hospital, Darul sukoon, and Ziauddin hospital of Karachi.

Sample Size

100 physical therapists were selected for the study.

Duration of the Study

6 months after the approval of synopsis.

Data Collection Tool

A validated questionnaire adapted from Northen et al, study in 2001.

Data Collection Method

Data was collected by distributing the questionnaire along with permit form to the participants and ask them to return it to the researcher.

Data Analysis Procedure

Data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Descriptive statistics; frequency and percentage were calculated.

Ethical Concern: Confidentiality of the participants was maintained. Data was coded and subjects were given the rights to willingly participate in the study.


The study was conducted to evaluate the physical therapist participation in goal settings for patient management. The questionnaire was used in this study had divided in three portions and we calculate the percentages of each portion. Like we calculate the percentage of patient preparation portion, then we calculate the concerns clarification portion, and last portion we calculate the percentage of goal setting process.

The result showed that 47% physical therapist were take part in patient preparation means that 47% were agreed in participation of patient preparation.

Second part of the questionnaire we used in this study showed that 46% physical therapists included in concerns clarification. 46% participants were agreed in patient concerns.

The last and third part of the questionnaire conducted in goal setting process. Means that 48% of physical therapist takes part in process of goal setting.


The reason for this study was to inspect the actual specialist’s investment in objective setting for patient management. In this study also shows that physical therapists prepare the patient before management. The study design enabled to investigate that how much physical therapists agreed or disagreed to make the goals for patient management.

This study expressed that approximately 50% of the patient fully participate in the goal setting processes by the exploration of goal and also explains the helpful job of the patient in objective recognizable proof, but much like the study by Leach et al, found that the inability of patient to take an interest completely in the goal setting process to a great extent decides the approach taken by the therapists. They used tree approaches to deal with goal setting were distinguished: therapists controlled, therapists drove and patient focused. The altitude of inmate centeredness incorporated in intent shade procedure.9 Holliday et al, found that 60% response rate to ambition setting was generally regularly detailed, with recovery groups to assessing the purpose. Patients were provided with restricted data about the objective site, but in this study most of the therapists guide the patient about the goal setting also introduces them to the physical therapy services, and also discusses the procedures of the management to the patient and their family member with level of understanding. There is an extension to make and refine the method for managing the end in view setting so the patients have more opportunities to partake in the objective setting process. This study had physical therapists looked to accomplish an investment in intension mounting for management of the patient, similar as the word related advisors in the concentrate by Northern et al however, because the huge quantity of the physical therapists utilized just 10 of the 21 PMAI items during assessments, it gives that the advisors didn’t totally exploit the potential for patient help in objective setting that exists as estimated by the instrument in this review. This study showed that approximately 50% of the physical therapists discuss the assessment findings, management procedures to the patient and their family. Kristin et al also investigated the ramifications of multidimensional system for the improvement of interventions policies that support patient and family engagement. They provide the framework for understanding the patient and family involvement in developing interventions. Patient engagement has been a critical part of a continuously learning health system.

Further future recommendation is to use of physical therapists participation in goal-settings for patient management to check and measures the effectiveness of management programs, and also check the frequency of improving the  management of the patient.


The conclusion of the study is that goal setting is a very satisfactory activity for the patient management. By setting their goals physical therapists recognize their own skill and adequacy in carrying out the goals that they have address.


I express my deep sense of thanks to Allah almighty that enable me to innovate this research project. After saying thanks to Allah I sincerely acknowledge my supervisor Dr. Asif as well as my principal who gave me the golden opportunity to do this project. I would also like to thanks my co. Supervisor Dr. Erum for her support, motivation and appreciate my work with their ideas and opinions.

Next I would like to thank all the Physical Therapists, who gave their valuable time and their co-operation for this study. I also want to thank all, who have directly or indirectly helped me in this project.  My gratitude is also extended to my family members and friends.


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
Conflict of Interest: The author (s) have no conflict.

[i] Senior Lecturer, Bahria University College of Physical Therapy

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3854-0013